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Common Soccer Injuries


Knee Injuries:


Medial Ligament Rupture

The Medial ligament runs down the inside of the knee joint, connecting the Femur (thigh bone) to the Tibia (shin) and providing stability to the knee joint.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture

The Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lies deep inside the knee joint, connecting the femur (thigh bone) to the Tibia (shin bone). It is commonly injured in Soccer.


Meniscus Injury

The menisci are two rings of cartilage which are positioned inside the knee joint, on the top of the Tibia (shin bone). A tear to one of these rings can occur during loaded twisting of the knee.

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Thigh and Hip Injuries


Hamstring Strain
Hamstring strains are common in football due to the need for sudden sprints and changing directions.


Groin Strain
The groin consists of 5 adductor muscles which act to bring the leg back to the centre line of the body.


Ankle Sprain
Ankle sprains are common in most types of team games due to the need to rapidly change directions


Footballers Ankle
Footballers ankle usually follows a previous injury to the capsule or ligaments at the front of the ankle.

Injury Prevention

Probably 75% of Football injuries are preventable. The best protection from injury is correct warm up and conditioning which can help you avoid unnecessary injury that can ruin the season.


1. Warm Up

Warming up is often overlooked but should be part of your injury prevention routine. A good warm up will:

  • Increase the temperature of muscles – they work better at a temperature of 40 degrees.
  • Increase blood flow and oxygen to muscles.
  • Increase the speed of nerve impulses – making you faster.
  • Increase range of motion at joints reducing the risk of tearing muscles and ligaments.

Warm up will not only help avoid injury but will also improve performance.

A warm up should consist of:

  • Gentle jog to circulate blood and oxygen supplying the muscles with more energy to work with.
  • Stretching to increase the range of motion at joints.
  • Sports specific exercises and drills.


The warm up should last between 15 and 30 minutes. Do not warm up too early. The benefits are lost after about 30 minutes of inactivity.


2. Cool Down


This is also often overlooked in favour of the bar but can help avoid injuries and boost performance.


The aim of the cool down is to:

  • Gradually lower heart rate.
  • Circulate blood and oxygen to muscles, restoring them to the condition they were in before exercise.
  • Remove waste products such as lactic acid.
  • Reduce the risk of muscle soreness.


The cool down should consist of a gentle jog followed by light stretching.


3. Sports Massage


Getting a regular sports massage can flush the muscles of waste products and release tight knots, lumps and bumps in muscles that if left may cause strains and tears. It is possible for a good sports massage therapist to identify potential trouble spots long before they become injuries.


4. Nutrition and Hydration


Proper nutrition is important. A bad diet will prevent you from recovering from training sessions making you more prone to injury.


The aim of the cool down is to:

  • Carbohydrate is important for refueling muscles.
  • Protein rebuilds muscles.
  • If you become dehydrated then less blood will flow through muscles. The muscles will be more prone to injury..
  • Vitamins and minerals are required for a number of reasons related to recovery.