Injury to the cartilage can be because of a trauma, degenerative arthritis or a chronic overuse.
Cartilage is a type of connective tissue and there are different types of cartilage that serves different purpose in the body.
The knee joint has two types of cartilage:
Injury to the cartilage can be due to:
Pain – Pain mainly on loading the joint during walk, long standing & stairs climbing.
Clicking or Catching – due to a torn meniscus which is torn & lifted up from its normal positions.
The damage to the cartilage whether it is meniscus or articular cartilage, needs addressal.
Depending on the types whether traumatic or degenerative, the surgeon will decide the treatment plan. Most of the degenerative cartilage injury whether meniscus or articular cartilage are managed conservatively with NSAID’s and physiotherapy.
A traumatic cartilage injury needs a surgical intervention.