Hip Arthroscopy

Hip Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to investigate, diagnose and treat a hip disorder that fails to respond to physiotherapy, medication or other non-surgical treatments. This procedure provides a surgeon with a quick, easy and clear view of the inside of the hip.

 

Indication of hip arthroscopy

 

Hip Arthroscopy is usually performed in order to investigate and relieve persistent hip pain, swelling, clicking, catching, instability or ‘giving way’ of a hip joint. This is an increasingly more common orthopaedic procedure provided in A+OSM Center now-a-days, especially for the younger patient with hip problems.

 

The majority of Arthroscopies are performed on candidates between the age range of 20 and 45 years in order to investigate and treat sports injuries, work related injuries, arthritis or general inflammation and ‘wear and tear’.

 

A Hip Arthroscopy can be performed under General Anesthesia (you will be asleep), Epidural or Regional Anesthesia (you will be awake). The procedure usually takes only a short amount of time to perform if the injury to the hip is of a minor nature (approximately 30 minutes), although repair of more complex injuries can take much longer. Most Arthroscopy procedures are provided on a Day-Case basis.

 

The nice part about hip arthroscopy is that it is much less invasive than traditional hip surgery. This means:

  • Early & accelerated rehab
  • Day care procedure
  • Smaller incisions
  • Early return to sport

 

Common corrective procedures performed during an Arthroscopy are:

 

  • Drainage of inflamed joint fluid
  • Removal of torn or loose fragments of cartilage/labram
  • Removal of loose fragments of bone
  • Labral Tear
    The labrum of the hip is a cuff of thick tissue that surround the hip socket. The labrum helps to support the hip joint. When a labral tear of the hip occurs, a piece of this tissue can become pinched in the joint causing pain and catching sensations.
  • Loose Bodies
    Loose bodies are pieces of cartilage that form within the joint. They look like small marbles floating within the joint space. These loose bodies can become caught within the hip during movements.
  • Snapping Hip Syndrome
    Snapping hip syndrome has several causes, some of which can be treated with hip arthroscopy. If something is catching within the hip joint, hip arthroscopy can be used to relieve this snapping. Also, hip arthroscopy can be used to perform a psoas tendon release in cases of internal snapping hip syndrome.
  • Cartilage Damage
    In patients with focal cartilage damage, meaning not widespread arthritis, hip arthroscopy may be helpful. These patients may sustain an injury causing a piece of cartilage to break away from the surface of the bone. These patients may benefit from removal of that piece of cartilage.
  • Early Arthritis
    This is a controversial topic, as patients who have arthritis pain generally will not benefit from a hip arthroscopy. The patients who tend to benefit have specific finding of impingement (pinching) within the hip joint, and may benefit from removal of the bone spurs causing this impingement. This is only possible in the very early stages of arthritis, and even then may not offer relief of symptoms.

 

Recovery

 

Following a progressive improvement of pain control and mobility ,patients are normally discharged home four to six hours after their surgery. By the time the required level of recovery is achieved for discharge, patients are normally wearing only a simple wound dressing over their incisions, eating and drinking normally, walking with minimal support and taking only mild analgesia (pain killers) to control any pain.

 

Over the next six weeks patients will be expected to work on improving their own mobility and range of movement through dedicated and progressive physiotherapy and by increasing their daily activity and walking distances. Your Consultant Surgeon will then assess your condition and joints range of movement after one week,3 weeks,6 weeks and then again after three months to evaluate how successful the Arthroscopy has been.