Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
The tarsal tunnel is a narrow space that lies on the inside of the ankle next to the ankle bones. The tunnel is covered with a thick ligament (the flexor retinaculum) that protects and maintains the structures contained within the tunnel— arteries, veins, tendons, and nerves.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a compression, or squeezing, on the posterior tibial nerve that produces symptoms anywhere along the path of the nerve. The posterior tibial nerve runs along the inside of the ankle into the foot.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is similar to carpal tunnelsyndrome, which occurs in the wrist. Both disorders arisefrom the compression of a nerve in a confinedspace.Although tarsal tunnel syndrome may not be as wellknown as carpal tunnel syndrome, it is nevertheless a causeof foot and ankle pain in adults.